R4173 Convict pass, 1837



This is a black-and-white pass giving permission for a convict holding a 'ticket-of-leave' in Tasmania to pass from Longford to Campbell Town and back between 5 March and 4 June 1837. It was used by Thomas Ballard to travel to the house of Mr David Murray. On his arrival at Campbell Town, Ballard was to hand it to a police constable, Mr H Douglass.

Acknowledgements: Reproduced courtesy of Archives Office of Tasmania.

Educational value
This asset is a document relating to a convict with a ticket-of-leave - on arrival in a colony, convicts were either sent to work for the government or assigned to individual free settlers to work as unpaid servants; a ticket-of-leave allowed a convict to work for themselves on condition that they stayed in a certain area, reported regularly to local authorities and attended church on Sundays.
It exemplifies the strict government monitoring of ticket-of-leave holders - besides having to request permission to travel between police districts, the holder had to register their address at the local police office; they also had to remain home between 10 pm and daybreak unless working or holding a pass, and attend 'musters' at least twice a year; ticket-of-leave holders were prohibited from theatres, billiard rooms and public meetings; the only groups they could join were 'Religious and Temperance Societies'; marriage was seen as an indulgence and convicts had to apply to the governor of the colony for permission to marry.
It is an example of a convict record held by the Archives Office of Tasmania - between the British settlement of Tasmania in 1803 and the cessation of transportation in 1853, about 75,000 convicts were transported to Tasmania; while the majority of convicts came from the United Kingdom, some came from other Australian colonies, as well as other parts of the British Empire including South Africa, the West Indies, New Zealand and Canada.
© Curriculum Corporation, 2008, except where indicated under Acknowledgements